Participation | Dan Monah, Stefan Caliniuc: The importance of salt in ritual exchanges in the South-eastern European Chalcolithic

Dan Monah, Ștefan Caliniuc

The importance of salt in ritual exchanges in the South-eastern European Chalcolithic

7th World Archaeological Congress

13–18 January 2013, Dead Sea, Jordan

The nutrition based on cereal broths forced humans, in order to maintain the osmotic balance, to add salt during the cooking process. This substance became indispensable for the sedentary Neolithic people and their livestock. South-eastern Europe witnessed, since the Early Neolithic, an intense circulation of salt, which contributed to the development of a complex system of ritualised exchanges between populations.

CucuteniAR - WAC-7 2013 - Monah
 

Ștefan Caliniuc

Cucutenian clay stamps: markers of abortive cultural exchanges in the South-eastern European Chalcolithic?

7th World Archaeological Congress

13–18 January 2013, Dead Sea, Jordan

The presence of clay stamps in the material culture of the Cucuteni civilisation presents a series of questions that have yet to be resolved. These artefacts are very rare, are found only in specific layers, and seem to have not been fully integrated into the Cucutenian cultural-material world. Approaches with the potential to answer the issues raised can be found by applying evolutionary models to cultural-technological contexts. In the case of the clays stamps, the most plausible scenario is that of abortive contact exchanges between the Cucuteni culture and neighbouring cultures to the south.